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STILL UNANSWERED QUESTIONS SINCE MILITARY OPERATIONS AGAINST INNOCENT SIKHS
 The official Telex message sent at about 11 A.M.
on 31.10.84 to Indian Embassies and High Commissions
abroad mentioned "Two Sikh Guards and a clean-shaven"
as the assassins of Indira Gandhi. Who was the third
man "the clean shaven" one ?
 Why was the large number of Sikh police personnel
taken off duty, and sent to the barracks on the 31st
October when no one could see any risk to their lives
? Why were they disarmed?
 Who was the clearly visible and identifiable man
who continued to be shown on the Doordarshan
television throughout the first part of October
31-Nov. 1 night (standing at the threshold of the room
where lay the dead body of Indira Gandhi for public
darshan) shouting: "Sardar Qaum ke ghaddar" and "Khoon
ka Badla Khoon" - openly inciting spilling of Sikh
 Why no action has been taken against that man,
till date, for openly spreading disaffection between
communities and provoking bloodshed of identifiable
 What happened at the meeting held in P.M. Rajiv
Gandhi?s house on the evening of October 31? Who were
present there ? Official records are stated to refer
to such a meeting and the presence of the Govt. and
police officials therein.
 Some police officers - above DSP level were called
by wireless messages to attend a meeting at a
Minister?s (H.K.L. Bhagat?s) house late on Oct. 31.
Who ordered the meeting, how much time was spent in
the meeting, who addressed the meeting, and for what
 Who accompanied Rajiv Gandhi on the night between
31.10. and 1.11.1984 when he - admittedly - went
around East Delhi with HKL Bhagat, and others, for a
 Photographs and news published in newspapers and
magazines showed that wherever any Sikh properties
were on fire, the fire brigade showered the water on
the adjoining non-Sikh properties - and not on the
burning ones. What action has been taken against the
fire brigade people for this deliberate mischief and
wanton disregard of duty? What was it due to?
 Was any inquiry held into the deployment of D.T.U.
(PSU) drivers for ferrying rioters from place to place
in official buses, to which fact reference was made in
the press and some police reports? Who organized the
drivers and provided for fuel?
 Why did the police take away even the kirpans of
the Sikhs from their houses (violating their
Constitutional right) to defend themselves against
organized violence? Why was this continued even after
the first set of disarmed defenders was fatally
 How was it that all the Delhi police stations
adopted the patently illegal method of not recording
separate reports (FIRs) of separate complaints, but
compressed all the complaint of murders into a single
case of riot in the area? What action has been taken
against the delinquent officials?
 When at 12.23 P.M. on 1.11.84, a wireless message
from East Dist. Central Police Room (office of DCP
Sewa Dass) was received by SHO Kalyanpuri (Surbir
Singh) to the effect that people had set fire to the
Why was the message confined to sending the fire
brigade and why was police force not sent to arrest
the "people" who were roaming about during curfew with
cans of petrol?
 Why did the SHO Kalyanpuri not take any police
action except sending back the wireless message that
"information has been sent" (to the fire brigade)?
 When at 12.40 P.M. on Nov. 01. 1984 a wireless
message was sent by Surbir Singh, SHO to his
Kalyanpuri police station to reach Block No.11
Kalyanpuri, why did police not rush to the spot to
control the killings and looting?
 Why was neither any adequate police action taken
nor serious notice taken of the alarming wireless
message sent at 14.35 hours, and again at 15.10 hours
on November 01, to SHO Kalyanpuri,, that there was
serious trouble in Blocks 32 and 36 of Tirlokpuri,
where the Gurdwara and Sikh shops were being put to
fire and the position was serious? Why was extra force
not called/sent to the spot from the police lines or
Central Area or from non-Sikh areas which were quiet?
 Same questions as No. 15 above arise, with
greater force, to the situation reported at 15.10
hours on Nov. 01 by East Dist. Control Room to the
area police station, Kalyanpuri, by wireless,
specifically reporting that extensive loss of life and
property was taking place in Blocks 32 and 36 of
Tirlokpuri? Why was army not called by higher-ups when
every minute report was being received by them?
 Why did none of the scores of wireless messages
refer to the target (Sikhs) of all the killings or
 Why was seriousness not attached to the situation
when wireless messages started pouring in from 18.30
hours on Nov. 01 onwards, about dead bodies lying on
the roads? Why was the common feature of dead bodies
being of Sikhs not brought on record?
 Why were the higher-up police and executive
officers - upto the Home Minister, Narasimha Rao,
paralyzed when the situation in Kalyanpuri and
Tirlokpuri (in East Delhi) reporting: (a) the cutting
and murders of persons on large scale was reported on
Wireless at 17.31 hours; and again (b) when DCP R.K.
Sharma?s wireless message was received at 18.58 hours
on Nov. 01 reporting about 200 persons having already
been killed in Tirlokpuri alone?
 Was this deliberate non-action not due to the
publically expressed view of the then P.M. that all
this was the natural rumbling caused by the fall of a
 In spite of details of the wholesale killings of
Sikhs reaching highest quarters by late night on Nov.
01, why no preventive measures were taken on the
following two days?
 Why, and by whom, was the request of Commissioner
of Police, dated October 31, to call Army on Nov. 1
turned down? Why was calling Army postponed even on
Nov. 01 after the mayhem had already started?
 Why did no Govt. officials contradict the
statements made by Congress leader Dharam Dutt Shastri
(who has been given State security at your and our
cost) in police station (reported in Indian Express)
that police should not arrest the people who resorted
to the violence, as they were not criminals, but
respectable persons. Who were those "respectable
 Who and why was public notice (report in Indian
Express) issued on or about 5.11.1984 that persons who
had stolen property from Sikh homes in their
possession should place them in the street corners, so
that the owners can take it back? The obvious object
was to destroy evidence of legal presumption that the
holder of looted (stolen) property had looted it.
 When Addl. Commissioner of Police, Ved Marwah,
IPS, started inquiry into the conduct of erring police
officers, and they were letting out the truth, why was
he not allowed to continue the enquiry and to make his
 What has happened to the notes of the true
statements made before Ved Marwah unofficially?
 Why did Govt. not oppose the prayer for stay of
inquiry made by Brahmanand - a Congress stooge - in
his Writ Petition heard by Justice Maharaj Krishan of
Delhi High Court?
 When Army units from Meerut side reached borders
of Delhi, and it was found that the units had some
companies of Sikhs, they were stopped from being
deployed. Who ordered this - and why?
 How is it that when their substitutes were called
from elsewhere, there was no Sikh unit therein?
 When, instead of holding departmental
proceedings, criminal cases were filed against some
policemen under the Police Act, and/or Cr. P. Code,
why was Govt. sanction not first obtained, when the
law in that respect under Section 197 Cr. P. C. is
 When such cases were dismissed "for want of
sanction" why did the Govt. not promptly give sanction
for prosecution ? Alternatively, why did the Govt. not
resume the departmental proceedings which had been
stayed suo moto because the cases had been filed in
 Why, instead of following at least any one of the
two logical courses, (viz. grant sanction and/or
resume departmental proceedings), the Govt. went up in
patently useless Criminal Revision petitions to the
High Court and kept them pending for a long time, and
then conceded that sanction was indeed necessary,
after having, in the meantime, dropped the
 When the Kusum Lata Committee (appointed by the
Govt.) found about 72 police officers to be guilty of
crimes and serious dereliction of duty, why no action
was taken against them? On the contrary, why were
those officers given promotions?
 When, on the eve of Punjab elections (1991)
Narasimha Rao, then Prime Minister, gave a press
statement that action would be taken against the
alleged guilty police officers, one such officer made
a press statement threatening to speak out the truth
if action was initiated against him by the Govt., that
was the end of the action announced by then P.M. Why?
 What was "Operation Shanti"? When was it
conceived and worked out?
 How is it that hundreds of attackers drawn from
different parts of Delhi and Haryana appeared, armed
with iron rods of same material and size? Why have
these rods not been recovered from them after the
There are about one hundred other questions - to ask
those questions is to answer them!
The record is full of material to expose the reality.
For example, there is a videotape showing why Satnami
Bai, having identified HKL Bhagat in the earlier
hearing, refused to identify him in court after she
had been drugged.
I have given here an indication so that in case of
fresh independent inquiry, if I am no more on the
scene, this indictment can be published and pursued.
All credits to Author: Preet Mohan Singh